CHANGES from version 1.0 to version 1.1
Elimination of Compiler Complaints
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Goal to have gcc -Wall compile all files without warnings.

To find the maximum of possible compiler complaints we used:
gcc -ggdb -Wall -pedantic -Wformat -Wformat-nonliteral -Wunused-variable 
-Wextra -Wtraditional -Wunreachable-code   -c -o mmix-arith.o mmix-arith.c

The changes go into 8 different categories:
1. Formatless use of Printf
2. Replacing label "abort"
3. Eliminating unused labels
4. making promoted arguments match prototypes.
5. Adding default cases to switch statements
6. Adding explicit braces to avoid ambiguous else
7. Using unused parameter
8. Mixing signed and unsigned quantities in comparison and assignment
9. Eliminating possible uninitialized variables

1. Formatless use of Printf
---------------------------
There is a bug in mmix-sim.w line 3099:
mmix-sim.w: In function 'main':
mmix-sim.w:3099: warning: format not a string literal and no format arguments
<       if (command_buf[0]==' ') printf(command_buf);
---
>       if (command_buf[0]==' ') printf("%s",command_buf);
A command file containing a substring like "%s" can crash mmix.

As a follow up, all occurrences of printf without a format string were changed
adding a "%s" format string in:

mmix-sim.w:2824, 2835, 2837, 2970, 2972, 3076.
mmix-pipe.w:1885:


2. Replacing label "abort"
--------------------------
mmix-io.w:106: warning: traditional C lacks a separate namespace for labels, 
               identifier 'abort' conflicts

<   if (mode.h || mode.l>4) goto abort;
<   if (mmgetchars(name_buf,FILENAME_MAX,name,0)==FILENAME_MAX) goto abort;
---
>   if (mode.h || mode.l>4) goto failure;
>   if (mmgetchars(name_buf,FILENAME_MAX,name,0)==FILENAME_MAX) goto failure;

<   if (!sfile[handle].fp) goto abort;
---
>   if (!sfile[handle].fp) goto failure;

<  abort: sfile[handle].mode=0;
---
>  failure: sfile[handle].mode=0;


3. Eliminating unused labels
----------------------------
mmix-arith.w:1354: warning: label 'no_const_found' defined but not used
mmix-arith.w:1480: warning: label 'make_it_zero' defined but not used
mmix-sim.w:3079: warning: label 'check_syntax' defined but not used
mmix-pipe.w:240: warning: label 'cease' defined but not used


4. Making promoted arguments match prototypes
---------------------------------------------
Standard C promotes arguments before passing parameters. Using int
instead of char eliminates this problem.

mmixal.w:1298: warning: promoted argument 'b' doesn't match prototype
< void mmo_byte @,@,@[ARGS((unsigned char))@];
< void mmo_lop @,@,@[ARGS((char,unsigned char,unsigned char))@];
< void mmo_lopp @,@,@[ARGS((char,unsigned short))@];
< void assemble @,@,@[ARGS((char,tetra,unsigned char))@];@+@t}\6{@>
---
> void mmo_byte @,@,@[ARGS((unsigned int))@];
> void mmo_lop @,@,@[ARGS((int,unsigned int,unsigned int))@];
> void mmo_lopp @,@,@[ARGS((int,unsigned short))@];
> void assemble @,@,@[ARGS((int,tetra,unsigned int))@];@+@t}\6{@>

In mmix-io.w handle becomes an int in all prototypes.
like this:
< octa mmix_fopen @,@,@[ARGS((unsigned char,octa,octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
---
> octa mmix_fopen @,@,@[ARGS((unsigned int,octa,octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>

mmix-arith.w:502: warning: prototype declaration
< octa fpack @,@,@[ARGS((octa,int,char,int))@];@+@t}\6{@>
< tetra sfpack @,@,@[ARGS((octa,int,char,int))@];@+@t}\6{@>
---
> octa fpack @,@,@[ARGS((octa,int,int,int))@];@+@t}\6{@>
> tetra sfpack @,@,@[ARGS((octa,int,int,int))@];@+@t}\6{@>


5. Adding default cases to switch statements
--------------------------------------------
mmix-arith.w:338: warning: control reaches end of non-void function
<  case 0+0: return q;
---
>  case 0+0: default: return q;

mmix-arith.w:719
<  case 4*zro+zro: case 4*zro+num: case 4*num+zro: x=zero_octa;@+break;
---
>  default: case 4*zro+zro: case 4*zro+num: case 4*num+zro: x=zero_octa;@+break;

mmix-arith.w:765
<  case 4*zro+zro: case 4*inf+inf: x=standard_NaN;
---
>  default: case 4*zro+zro: case 4*inf+inf: x=standard_NaN;

mmix-arith.w:812
<  case 4*zro+zro: x=zero_octa;
---
>  default: case 4*zro+zro: x=zero_octa;

mmix-arith.w:1590
<  case 4*zro+zro: return 0;
---
>  default: case 4*zro+zro: return 0;

mmix-arith.w:1625: warning: control reaches end of non-void function
<  case inf: case zro: return z;
---
>  case inf: case zro: default: return z;

mmix-arith.w:1675: warning: control reaches end of non-void function
<  case zro: return zero_octa;
---
>  case zro: default: return zero_octa;

mmix-arith.w:1735
<  case inf: case zro: x=z;@+break;
---
>  default: case inf: case zro: x=z;@+break;

mmix-arith.w:1794
<  zero_out: x=zero_octa;
---
>  default: zero_out: x=zero_octa;

mmix-pipe.w:3402: warning: control reaches end of non-void function
<   panic(confusion("lru victim")); /* what happened? nobody has rank zero */
---
>  default: panic(confusion("lru victim"));  /* what happened? ... */

mmixal.w:2469: warning: enumeration value 'inner_rp' not handled in switch
>  case outer_rp: case inner_rp: goto scan_close; /* should not happen */

adding a plain "default: ;" in the following cases:
mmix-pipe.w:6171: warning: enumeration value 'TRAP' not handled in switch
mmix-pipe.w:2498: warning: enumeration value 'mul0' not handled in switch
mmix-pipe.w:4862: warning: enumeration value 'mul0' not handled in switch
mmix-pipe.w:5075: warning: enumeration value 'resum' not handled in switch


6. Adding explicit braces to avoid ambiguous else
-------------------------------------------------
mmixal.w:2734: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmixal.w:2818: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmixal.w:2840: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmixal.w:3094: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-sim.w:1182: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-sim.w:3097: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-sim.w:1366: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-pipe.w:5323: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-pipe.w:5328: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-pipe.w:4932: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-pipe.w:4934: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-pipe.w:6432: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-pipe.w:2119: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'
mmix-arith.w:1399: warning: suggest explicit braces to avoid ambiguous 'else'


7. Using unused parameter
-------------------------
mmix-sim.w:3049: warning: unused parameter 'n'
adding 
 if (n!=SIGINT) return;
to the catchint function keeps the compiler from complaining.


8. Mixing signed and unsigned quantities in comparison and assignment
---------------------------------------------------------------------
mmix-arith.w:304: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
< if (u[j+n]!=k) {
---
> if (u[j+n]!=(tetra)k) {

u is an array of tetras, k is an int, the comparison should be based
on the tetra data type.

mmix-arith.w:1298: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
< else if (strlen(s)>=e) printf("%.*s.%s",e,s,s+e);
---
> else if ((int)strlen(s)>=e) printf("%.*s.%s",e,s,s+e);

strlen returns size_t, which is unsigned in some implementations.
e is an int. The string s is only a few characters long, so there
is no danger in converting its length to an int before doing the
comparison.

mmix-config.w:752: warning: pointer targets in passing argument 1 of 
                   'strlen' differ in signedness
< for (j=div;j<=max_pipe_op;j++) int_stages[j]=strlen(pipe_seq[j]);
---
> for (j=div;j<=max_pipe_op;j++) int_stages[j]=(int)strlen((char*)pipe_seq[j]);

strlen requires a char* argument and tests for not zero. So casting pipe_seq[j]
is admissible.

mmix-config.w:755: warning: pointer targets in passing argument 1 
                   of 'strlen' differ in signedness
mmix-config.w:755: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-config.w:755: warning: pointer targets in passing argument 1 
                   of 'strlen' differ in signedness
<   if (strlen(pipe_seq[j])>n) n=strlen(pipe_seq[j]);
---
>   if (strlen((char*)pipe_seq[j])>(unsigned int)n) 
      n=(int)strlen((char*)pipe_seq[j]);

n will be non negative so unsigned comparison is ok.

mmixal.w:1354: warning: pointer targets in assignment differ in signedness
<   register int j; register unsigned char *p;
---
>   register int j; register Char *p;

The pointer p is used to traverse filename[cur_file].
      for (j=0,p=filename[cur_file];*p;p++,j=(j+1)&3) {
filename is declared as 
      Char *filename[257];
Therefore the pointer p should be of type Char* as well.

mmixal.w:2218: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<   for (j=1;j<4;j++) if (x<(1<<(8*j))) break;
---
>   for (j=1;j<4;j++) if (x<((unsigned int)1<<(8*j))) break;

1 is an int and (1<<(8*j)) is also a signed quantity, whereas x is a tetra
and so it's unsigned. Since (1<<(8*j)) is well within the range of an
unsigned int and the comparison is intended to be unsigned using an 
(unsigned int)1  is better.

mmixal.w:3096: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<  case LOCAL:@+if (val_stack[0].equiv.l>lreg) lreg=val_stack[0].equiv.l;
---
>  case LOCAL:@+if (val_stack[0].equiv.l>(unsigned int)lreg) 
                  lreg=val_stack[0].equiv.l;

lreg is an int. Its value is in the range 0 to 255. Here it is compared
to a tetra equiv.l, which is unsigned; the unsigned comparison is
correct here.

mmix-io.w:199: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-io.w:256: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-io.w:288: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-io.w:309: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-io.w:333: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<   register int n;
---
>   register unsigned int n;

or

<   register int n,s;
---
>   register tetra n, s;

fread and fwrite return size_t, an unsigned quantity. As used here, the
return values will not necessarily fit into a signed int. So, the
variable n is changed to an unsigned int or a tetra. The same is true 
for s (with code like "if (size.l<s && !size.h) s=size.l;").

mmix-sim.w:3249: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-sim.w:3253: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<     if (val.h!=0 || val.l>255 || val.l<L || val.l<32) break;
---
>     if (val.h!=0 || val.l>(unsigned int)255 || val.l<(unsigned int)L ||
      val.l<32) break;

<     if (val.h==0 && val.l<L) L=val.l;
---
>     if (val.h==0 && val.l<(unsigned int)L) L=val.l;

mmix-sim.w:2211: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<   if (z.l>L || z.h) z.h=0, z.l=L;
---
>   if (z.l>(unsigned int)L || z.h) z.h=0, z.l=L;

mmix-sim.w:2217: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<   if (z.h!=0 || z.l>255 || z.l<L || z.l<32) goto illegal_inst;
---
>   if (z.h!=0 || z.l>255 || z.l<(unsigned int)L || z.l<32) goto illegal_inst;

L is a signed int. The comparisons should be executed with 
unsigned values otherwise a negative value could sneak into L.

mmix-pipe.w:2292: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<   {@+register tetra x; register int new_L;
---
>   {@+register tetra x; register unsigned int new_L;

Make new_L unsigned.

mmix-sim.w:2026: warning: signed and unsigned type in conditional expression
<  round_mode=(y.l? y.l: cur_round);@+goto store_fx;
---
>  round_mode=(y.l? (int)y.l: cur_round);@+goto store_fx;

cur_round is signed. The rounding mode will fit in a signed int.

mmix-pipe.w:5063: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
mmix-pipe.w:5067: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
< int page_n; /* the 10-bit |n| field of rV, times 8 */
---
> unsigned int page_n; /* the 10-bit |n| field of rV, times 8 */

Made page_n an unsigned int.

mmix-pipe.w:5004: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<    ((data->y.o.l+(data->xx&(Dcache->bb-1))+1)^data->y.o.l)>=Dcache->bb)
---
>    ((data->y.o.l+(data->xx&(Dcache->bb-1))+1)^data->y.o.l)>=
      (unsigned int)Dcache->bb)

mmix-pipe.w:5079: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<    if (Dcache && Dcache->bb<data->b.o.l) data->b.o.l=Dcache->bb;
---
>    if (Dcache && (unsigned int)Dcache->bb<data->b.o.l) 
       data->b.o.l=Dcache->bb;

mmix-pipe.w:4598: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
<     if (ticks.l-write_head->stamp<holding_time && !speed_lock)
---
>     if ((int)(ticks.l-write_head->stamp)<holding_time && !speed_lock)

The difference between two unsigned int's is an unsigned int. In case
ticks.l is less than write_head->stamp, its better to use a signed int.

mmix-pipe.w:2118: warning: comparison between signed and unsigned
< if (rename_regs<cool->ren_x+cool->ren_a) goto stall;
---
> if (rename_regs<(cool->ren_x?1:0)+(cool->ren_a?1:0)) goto stall;

cool->ren_x+cool->ren_a replaced two times by 
  (cool->ren_x?1:0)+(cool->ren_a?1:0)
Adding booleans, where true just means "not zero", is not a good idea.


mmix-sim.w: In function 'scan_option':
mmix-sim.w:2937: warning: format '%d' expects type 'int *', 
                 but argument 3 has type 'tetra *'
<   else if (sscanf(arg+1,"%d",&trace_threshold)!=1) trace_threshold=0;
---
>   else if (sscanf(arg+1,"%d",(int *)&trace_threshold)!=1) trace_threshold=0;

We assume that the interactively entered trace threshold fits in a signed int.

mmix-sim.w:2940: warning: format '%x' expects type 'unsigned int *', 
                 but argument 3 has type 'int *'
< int tracing_exceptions; /* exception bits that cause tracing */
---
> unsigned int tracing_exceptions; /* exception bits that cause tracing */

We change the variable tracing_exceptions to an unsigned int.

9. Eliminating possible uninitialized variables
-----------------------------------------------

mmix-sim.w:998 
< case lop_fixr: delta=yzbytes; goto fixr;
< case lop_fixrx:j=yzbytes;@+if (j!=16 && j!=24) mmo_err;
<  read_tet(); delta=tet;
<  if (delta&0xfe000000) mmo_err;
< fixr: tmp=incr(cur_loc,-(delta>=0x1000000? (delta&0xffffff)-(1<<j): delta)<<2);
<  mmo_load(tmp,delta);
<  continue;
-------------
> case lop_fixr: mmo_load(incr(cur_loc,-yzbytes<<2),yzbytes); continue;
> case lop_fixrx:j=yzbytes;@+if (j!=16 && j!=24) mmo_err;
>  read_tet();@+if (tet&0xfe000000) mmo_err;
>  delta=(tet>=0x1000000? (tet&0xffffff)-(1<<j): tet);
>  mmo_load(incr(cur_loc,-delta<<2),tet);
>  continue;
In case lop_fixr, the variable j is uninitializes 4 lines later.
In this case delta will never be >= 0x1000000. So this is not a bug.

mmix-sim.w:1053
< G=zbyte;@+ L=0;
---
> G=zbyte;@+ L=0;@+ O=0;
initializing O.